Autism Spectrum Disorders can be summed up pretty easy as a developmental disorder that alters the communicative abilities (and their progression) of a biological organism.
"What did you just say?"- You the reader. LOL
So let me break it down for you.
Development is the process in which a organism grows/matures.
Disorder is a disruption of the norm/order.
So we now have a disruption in how an organism grows/matures.
Communication is quite a few definitions, which Ill focus on just three:
a.) a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior
b.) a technique for expressing ideas effectively
c.) a connection between bodily parts
So if Autism is Developmental Disorder that affects communication, it can be said that Autism is the disruption of how an organism effectively exchanges information between itself and other organisms and the efficiency of expressing the ideas that organism has either between itself or with other organisms.
"That still doesn't make sense?"- You again
So what I am trying to get at is a lot of the common knowledge of what Autism is, is that Autism is just how a person interacts with people. However it is so much more than that!
Its how the brain reads temperature on the skin. How the brain perceives if something in the gut is dangerous to the body. How the brain perceives electrical impulses within itself as dangerous that causes a short circuit of sorts that is what we refer to as epilepsy.
To keep this short I will just leave those couple examples, since if I did a list again for this it would be way too long of a read. Its better to just ask a person how their Autism affects them individually anyway.
Let me know your thoughts...
Mark Fleming- Person on the Autism Spectrum